The Kansas Assessment Program includes tests and instructional tools for three types of assessments: summative, interim, and formative.

Formative assessment refers to the process by which teachers continually adapt their instruction to respond to their students’ academic progress; formative assessment does not necessarily include traditional tests or quizzes, nor is it necessarily graded. KAP provides Kansas educators instructional tools that they may use formatively throughout the school year to gauge their students’ understanding of various concepts and skills.

Interim assessments, by contrast, are traditional tests used periodically throughout the school year to measure students’ grasp of particular concepts and mastery of particular skills. Interim assessments may or may not be graded.

Summative assessments are traditional tests typically administered near the end of a school year. Though they are scored, summative assessments do not affect students’ grades; rather, they are designed to help judge the effectiveness of a curriculum and inform adjustments to future instruction. Additionally, summative assessments help ensure that schools meet federal and state accountability standards.

The content of all KAP tests and tools is derived from Kansas’ approved content standards for English language arts, science, mathematics, and social studies. KAP field tests its test questions to ensure appropriate fairness and difficulty.