Previous Score Reports and Technical Manuals

Each spring, KAP releases reports that detail students’ performance on that year’s summative assessments. Score reports are subject-specific, so students will receive one score report for each summative assessment they took. Schools and districts also have access to reports on their overall performance.

Score reports for all years convey student performance in terms of scale scores, which always range from 220 to 380. Depending where within that range a student scores, he or she will fall into one of four performance levels: Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, or Level 4. Level 3 is the target level for all assessments. While the precise scores dividing the different performance levels vary by grade and subject, the minimum Level 3 score for all KAP assessments is 300.

Learn more about scale scores

Scale scores are mathematical conversions of the total number of points your student earned on the assessment into a score along a predefined scale. Scale scores allow for consistent reporting of assessment results across years for any specific grade and subject area.

Scale score comparisons for the same grade and subject are valid across years. So, a scale score of 320 on this year’s grade 3 math assessment will mean the same thing as a scale score of 320 on next year’s grade 3 math assessment.

Scale scores cannot, however, be compared across other grades and subject areas. A scale score of 320 on a grade 4 math assessment does not indicate the same level of performance as a scale score of 320 on a grade 3 math assessment. Further, a scale score of 320 on a grade 3 English language arts assessment does not mean the same thing as 320 on a grade 3 math assessment.

Score reports and technical manuals by year

2016

The 2016 KAP summative assessments included computer-based assessments in English language arts, mathematics, and history, government, and social studies. Math assessments also included Performance Tasks.

» Download KAP’s 2016 Interpretive Guide to Score Reports

English language arts assessments included both a computer-based portion of the assessment and an on-demand writing task. These sections were scored separately, and students were deemed to fall into one, overall performance level based on a decision matrix that considered their performance on both portions of the assessment.

See decision matrix for 2016 ELA assessments

  On-demand writing (MDPT) portion Computer-based portion
Low L1 High L1 Low L2 High L2 Low L3 High L3 Low L4 High L4
Final performance level 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2
2 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
3 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 4
4 2 2 3 3 3 4 4 4

← scroll to see more →

Performance Levels

The performance level a student ultimately falls into based on his or her assessment score may be used to approximate what skills and knowledge that student likely does and does not have in that subject. This information is contained in Performance Level Descriptors.

See Performance Level Descriptors for 2016

Technical Manual

A detailed, technical breakdown of summative assessments included in the Kansas Assessment Program in 2016, including information about content standards; assessment design, development, and administration; technical indicators of quality; accessibility; and score reporting may be found in the 2016 KAP Technical Manual.

Example Items

A sampling of actual items included in the 2016 assessments are available for download. These documents include information about the standards each item was aligned to and students’ overall performance on the item across the state.

See released items for 2016

Released items and lessons learned for science (Grades 5, 8, and 11)

Released Multidisciplinary Performance Tasks

Released Mathematics Performance Tasks

^ These tasks were included on the 2016 summative assessments as field tests. Students receiving these tasks were not scored on them.

2015

The 2015 KAP summative assessments included computer-based assessments in mathematics and English language arts. Math assessments also included Performance Tasks. History, government, and social studies were not tested.

» Download KAP’s 2015 Interpretive Guide to Score Reports

Technical Manual

For a detailed, technical breakdown of summative assessments included in the Kansas Assessment Program in 2015, including information about content standards; assessment design, development, and administration; technical indicators of quality; accessibility; and score reporting may be found in the 2015 KAP Technical Manual.

Example Items

A sampling of actual items included in the 2015 assessments are available for download. These documents include information about the standards each item was aligned to and students’ overall performance on the item across the state.

2014

Kansas began transitioning to the new set of Kansas College and Career Ready Standards in the 2013–14 school year.

The 2014 KAP summative assessments included computer-based assessments in English language arts and mathematics.

During the 2014 testing window, a cyber attack launched on KAP’s testing servers caused several irregularities in testing, such as students not being able to see all of a question or not being shown all questions. As a result, the Kansas State Board of Education elected not to released student testing scores for the year. Instead, overall summary reports were created to provide general insight into results at each grade level and for each subject.

See summary reports for 2014 summative testing