Summative Score Reports

Each spring, KAP releases reports that detail students’ performance on that year’s summative assessments. Score reports are subject-specific, so students will receive one score report for each summative assessment they took. Schools and districts also have access to reports on their overall performance.

Note: Score reports for 2017 summative assessments in English language arts and math will be available in May. Score reports for 2017 science summative assessments will be available before the start of the fall 2017 semester.

For Parents

Scale Scores

Performance Levels

Example Test Questions

Accessing Your Student’s Report

Score reports are available to teachers and other education officials through Educator Portal, the online portal for KAP assessment administration. These individuals are then responsible for distributing student reports to students. Various districts may distribute reports in different ways, for example, through the mail or at parent teacher conferences. Contact your student’s school for information on how to get your student’s score report.

How to Interpret Your Student’s Report

Score reports show students’ performance on summative assessments in terms of scale scores and performance levels. Each scale score falls into one of four performance levels, with Level 3 being the target level. (More information on scale scores and performance levels is available below.)

» Download KAP’s Interpretive Guide to Score Reports for Parents

» Descargue la Guía Interpretativa de KAP de Informes de Resultados para Padres

Student Report Walkthrough

The front of your student’s report presents their overall performance on that assessment.

1The level score corresponds to the numbered score on the meter. This score represents your student’s performance across all sections of the test, which are described on the back of the report.

Reports for students in grades 4–8 will also show the student’s score in the previous year.

2The meter shows where your student’s score falls within the range of possible scores. The segments of the meter represent the four performance levels. The regions differ in size because the score ranges for performance levels are not equal. Your student’s numeric score is displayed above the meter.

3Additional meters show the median scores of students in the school, district, and state. A median score is the middle score when scores are ordered from lowest to highest; a median score is an accurate representation of an average score.

4This list describes the skills your student has likely mastered, based on his or her performance level score.

5This section shows the range of possible level scores and what they mean about your student’s progress toward meeting state curriculum standards.

The back of your student’s report breaks down your student’s overall performance into their performance on various subtopics covered by the assessment.

6This section shows your student’s relative strengths and weaknesses on the different areas of the test. Each category represents a group of test items that assess related skills. All subjects have main categories (with all-caps titles). In math and English language arts, some of the main categories are broken down further into subcategories. In math and science, each category includes a different set of items. In English language arts, some items will be counted in multiple categories within the main groups of OVERALL READING and OVERALL WRITING. For example, an item that asks about the main idea of a story will be counted in OVERALL READING, READING: Literary Texts, and READING: Main Idea.

7The symbols compare your student’s performance in each category to the performance of students who received the minimum Level 3 score.

8Your high school student’s scores on the KAP math and ELA assessments are one indicator of whether he or she is on track for success on the math, reading, and English portions of the ACT. Visit this webpage for more information about comparing KAP and ACT scores.

» Learn more about predicting ACT performance from KAP scores

9For further information about the standards, assessment program, and tests, please visit these websites.

Scale Scores Explained

As mentioned above, your student’s performance on each assessment is given in terms of a scale score. Scale scores are mathematical conversions of the total number of points your student earned on the assessment into a score along a predefined scale. Scale scores allow for consistent reporting of assessment results across years for any specific grade and subject area.

Scale scores on all KAP assessments range from 220 to 380. Although this range is the same for all KAP assessments, it is important to note that the scale scores themselves can only be used to compare students in a single grade and subject area (for example, grade 3 math). In this context, scale score comparisons are valid across years. So, a scale score of 320 on this year’s grade 3 math assessment will mean the same thing as a scale score of 320 on next year’s grade 3 math assessment.

Scale scores cannot, however, be compared across other grades and subject areas. A scale score of 320 on a grade 4 math assessment does not indicate the same level of performance as a scale score of 320 on a grade 3 math assessment. So, a student who earned a 320 on this year’s grade 4 math assessment and a 310 on last year’s grade 3 math assessment has not necessarily regressed in math.

Further, a scale score of 320 on a grade 3 English language arts (ELA) assessment does not mean the same thing as 320 on a grade 3 math assessment. So, a student who scored 330 on her grade 3 ELA assessment and 340 on her grade 3 math assessment did not necessarily do better in math than in ELA.

Performance Levels Explained

Scale scores on KAP assessments are used to place your student’s assessment scores into one of four possible categories: Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, and Level 4. These are known as performance levels.

To help you understand what your student likely knows and is able to do at their performance level, a Performance Level Descriptor is available for each grade and subject. These documents provide a more in-depth explanation of expected student capabilities than the summaries presented on the front page of your student’s score report.

View Performance Level Descriptors

The scale score thresholds dividing the performance levels are called cut scores. Cut scores are generally different for each grade and subject; however, for simplicity, the Level 3 cut score is 300 for all KAP assessments.

See cut scores for KAP assessments

Note: Cut scores for science will be made available at the end of summer.

ELA cut scores

Grade Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
3 220–275 276–299 300–326 327–380
4 220–270 271–299 300–334 335–380
5 220–274 275–299 300–325 326–380
6 220–276 277–299 300–335 336–380
7 220–274 275–299 300–334 335–380
8 220–264 265–299 300–333 334–380
10 220–268 269–299 300–333 334–380

Math cut scores

Grade Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
3 220–275 276–299 300–328 329–380
4 220–265 266–299 300–330 331–380
5 220–272 273–299 300–325 326–380
6 220–272 273–299 300–328 329–380
7 220–265 266–299 300–341 342–380
8 220–273 274–299 300–335 336–380
10 220–274 275–299 300–332 333–380

Example Test Questions

Parents can see a sampling of questions students might encounter on KAP summative assessments two ways:

  1. Actual questions included on summative assessments in 2015 and 2016, as well as information about the standards those questions are aligned to and information about student performance on those questions, are available for download on our Released Items page.
  2. Short, interactive demo assessments that do not represent the academic rigor of actual assessments but which include a variety of item types students may encounter on actual assessments are available by logging into KITE Client with a specific set of credentials. KITE Client is the software used to deliver KAP assessments. To access the interactive demos through KITE Client, you must first install KITE Client on your computer.

For Educators

Student
Reports

School and
District Reports

Scale
Scores

Performance
Levels

Example
Items

Accessing Score Reports

Educators and other administrators may access score reports through Educator Portal, under the Reports tab. Specific instructions for accessing reports are available in chapter 7 of the Educator Portal Manual. The reports available to you will depend on your access permissions within Educator Portal. For questions about access, contact your building or district’s test coordinator.

How to Interpret Score Reports

Score reports show students’ performance on summative assessments in terms of scale scores and performance levels. Each scale score falls into one of four performance levels, with Level 3 being the target level. (More information on scale scores and performance levels is available below.)

» Download KAP’s Interpretive Guide to Score Reports for Educators

Separate interpretive guides are also available for parents. Educators interested in printing off guides to send home with students or parents should use the following documents:

» Download KAP’s Interpretive Guide to Score Reports for Parents

» Download KAP’s Interpretive Guide to Score Reports for Parents in Spanish

Student Report Walkthrough

The front of your student’s report presents their overall performance on that assessment.

1The level score corresponds to the numbered score on the meter. This score represents your student’s performance across all sections of the test, which are described on the back of the report.

Reports for students in grades 4–8 will also show the student’s score in the previous year.

2The meter shows where your student’s score falls within the range of possible scores. The segments of the meter represent the four performance levels. The regions differ in size because the score ranges for performance levels are not equal. Your student’s numeric score is displayed above the meter.

3Additional meters show the median scores of students in the school, district, and state. A median score is the middle score when scores are ordered from lowest to highest; a median score is an accurate representation of an average score.

4This list describes the skills your student has likely mastered, based on his or her performance level score.

5This section shows the range of possible level scores and what they mean about your student’s progress toward meeting state curriculum standards.

The back of your student’s report breaks down your student’s overall performance into their performance on various subtopics covered by the assessment.

6This section shows your student’s relative strengths and weaknesses on the different areas of the test. Each category represents a group of test items that assess related skills. All subjects have main categories (with all-caps titles). In math and English language arts, some of the main categories are broken down further into subcategories. In math and science, each category includes a different set of items. In English language arts, some items will be counted in multiple categories within the main groups of OVERALL READING and OVERALL WRITING. For example, an item that asks about the main idea of a story will be counted in OVERALL READING, READING: Literary Texts, and READING: Main Idea.

7The symbols compare your student’s performance in each category to the performance of students who received the minimum Level 3 score.

8Your high school student’s scores on the KAP math and ELA assessments are one indicator of whether he or she is on track for success on the math, reading, and English portions of the ACT. Visit this webpage for more information about comparing KAP and ACT scores.

» Learn more about predicting ACT performance from KAP scores

9For further information about the standards, assessment program, and tests, please visit these websites.

School and District Report Walkthrough

School and district reports show the average performance of all students in that school or district.

1 This graph displays median scores for each grade. A median score is the middle score when scores are ordered from lowest to highest; median scores are an accurate representation of an average score.

2 Students’ scores fall into one of four performance levels. This graph demonstrates the distribution of students’ scores across the four levels.

3 This page shows your students’ relative strengths and weaknesses on the different areas of the test. Each category represents a group of test items that assess related skills. Both math and English language arts have main categories (with all-caps titles) that are broken down further into subcategories. In math, each category includes a different set of items. In English language arts, some items will be counted in multiple categories within the main groups of OVERALL READING and OVERALL WRITING. For example, an English language arts item that asks about the main idea of a story will be counted in OVERALL READING, READING: Literary Texts, and READING: Main Idea.

4 The symbols compare your students’ performance in this category to the performance of students who scored in the lowest range of Level 3 scores.

5 Your high school students’ scores on the KAP math and ELA assessments are one indicator of whether they are on track for success on the math, reading, and English portions of the ACT. Visit this webpage for more information about comparing KAP and ACT scores.

6 For further information about the standards, assessment program, and tests, please visit these websites.

Scale Scores

Score reports relay information about students’ performance in terms of scale scores. A scale score is a mathematical conversion of the total number of points a student earned on an assessment into a score along a predefined scale, which allows for consistent reporting of assessment results across years for any specific grade and subject area. Scale scores on all KAP assessments range from 220 to 380.

It is important to note that scale scores can only be used to compare students in a single grade and subject area (for example, grade 3 math). Scale scores cannot be compared across other grades and subject areas.

So, if third graders in a particular building averaged a scale score of 320 in grade 3 math last year and averaged a scale score of 330 in grade 3 math this year, the building may safely be said to have improved year-over-year in grade 3 math performance.

However, a student who earned a 320 on this year’s grade 4 math assessment and a 310 on last year’s grade 3 math assessment has not necessarily regressed in math. Further, a student who scored 330 on her grade 3 ELA assessment and 340 on her grade 3 math assessment did not necessarily do better in math than in ELA.

Performance Levels

Scale scores on KAP assessments are used to place students’ assessment scores into one of four possible categories: Level 1, Level 2, Level 3, and Level 4. These are known as performance levels.

Performance Level Descriptors are available to define what students likely know and are able to do for each performance level in each grade and subject. These documents provide a more in-depth explanation of expected student capabilities than the summaries presented in score reports.

View Performance Level Descriptors

The scale score thresholds dividing the performance levels are called cut scores. Cut scores are generally different for each grade and subject; however, for simplicity, the Level 3 cut score is 300 for all KAP assessments.

See cut scores for KAP assessments

Note: Cut scores for science will be made available at the end of summer.

ELA cut scores

Grade Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
3 220–275 276–299 300–326 327–380
4 220–270 271–299 300–334 335–380
5 220–274 275–299 300–325 326–380
6 220–276 277–299 300–335 336–380
7 220–274 275–299 300–334 335–380
8 220–264 265–299 300–333 334–380
10 220–268 269–299 300–333 334–380

Math cut scores

Grade Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
3 220–275 276–299 300–328 329–380
4 220–265 266–299 300–330 331–380
5 220–272 273–299 300–325 326–380
6 220–272 273–299 300–328 329–380
7 220–265 266–299 300–341 342–380
8 220–273 274–299 300–335 336–380
10 220–274 275–299 300–332 333–380

Example Items

Educators can see a sampling of items students might encounter on KAP summative assessments two ways:

  1. Actual items included on summative assessments in 2015 and 2016, as well as information about the standards those items are aligned to and information about student performance on those items, are available for download on our Released Items page.
  2. Short, interactive demo assessments that do not represent the academic rigor of actual assessments but which include a variety of item types students may encounter on actual assessments are available by logging into KITE Client with a specific set of credentials.